Root canal therapy is also known as endodontics therapy. De Necker Dentistry has saved thousands of teeth as a result of this dental treatment.
The inflammation or infection of the tooth can have a variety of causes: deep decay, repeated dental procedures or faulty crowns. Trauma to a tooth can cause pulp damage even when there are no visible chips or cracks in the tooth. If inflammation or infection to the tooth pulp is not treated, it can lead to an abscess and can be quite painful.
Why would a patient require root canal?
There are various reasons for root canal treatment namely:
- Decay in the tooth involving the pulp, nerve and blood vessel
- Irreversible pulpitis due to trauma or an old leaking restoration
- Acute pulpitis
- Fracture into the pulp
- Re-preparation of an old root canal treatment
What is the aim of root canal therapy?
The aim of root canal therapy is to remove all the impurities from the canal and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and disinfected so that it is prepared for a root canal filling. Bacteria are involved as a result of the nature of tooth decay so the bacterial infection in the canal must be treated to prevent this from spreading into the apex of the tooth.
The highly qualified and professional dentist carefully files the canals with profile rotating instruments and during this process we constantly wash the canals with sodium hypochlorite or ozone water. After a session of filing and cleaning the canal, and the patient is symptom free and the canal is then filled with a rubber-like material called Gutta-Percha. To protect the tooth, we then restore it with a crown or filling. After restoration, the tooth continues to function like any other tooth.
This procedure is done with local anaesthetic and can be completely pain free. In some severe septic cases, the anaesthetic may not be very effective and the patient may have discomfort or pain initially but this occurs infrequently.
Root canal therapy procedure:
It is reported that 90% of root canal therapy cases are usually successful. If there is a complication of an abscess it can be treated surgically. Below is the root canal treatment procedure:
- The creation of an access cavity with a dental hand piece
- Carefully cleaning and shaping the root canals with a filing instrument
- Restoration with a material called Gutta-Percha filling and a crown